Cutting a 70-cm thick tree with axes normally requires three hours, but cutting a Mangkono tree with the same diameter usually takes two to four days. The bole is very irregular, fluted, and bent. Last update on 2019-06-13: Now containing 11906 plants. It is also known as Magkuno (Magcuno) or Makano (Macano) in Surigaonon; and Magkuno or Tamaulauan in Visayan. No plant part is edible or of medicinal importance. World Conservation Monitoring Centre 1998. It can be found in Southeast Asia particularly in the Philippines and is currently threatened by habitat loss. Leaves are simple, relatively thick, alternate, and obovate. Magkono or Xanthostemon verdugonianus is a Philippine endemic tree found in the “Magkono Triangle” that includes Palawan, Samar, Dinagat Island and now seen in Surigao del Sur and Agusan del Sur. It is threatened by habitat loss. )",, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 17 September 2020, at 07:57. Consider: Cutting a mangkono tree … Mangkono (also spelled mangkuno or mancono) is also known as palo de hierro ("iron wood") in Spanish. Its other uses are as rollers, shears, saw guide blocks, tool handles, novelties, poles and piles for wharves and bridges, and posts for houses. It is used for posts, piles, tool handles and other wooden tool parts, bowling balls, dumb-bells, paper weights and other desk novelties, pulleys, rollers, sheaves, bearings, saw-guide blocks, etc 721. [5][6], Because of its inherent hardness and high density, Mangkono has long been recognized as a substitute for the world-famous Lignum vitae (Guaicum officinale L.). The wood seasons without warping much, but large logs have often several radial heart cracks, and fresh sawn pieces check superficially, but not deeply. They are dark green in color on the upper side and pale whitish green on the underside. Interesting bit of associated trivia, the nursery I … XANTHOSTEMON VERDUGONIANUS RED TREE PENDA Please note that advanced stock of 100 litre and above is not included in Online Shop; To access advanced stock list, please click DOWNLOAD LISTS to check availability of advanced stock and please contact … Xanthostemon verus or commonly known as Iron Wood is a large, evergreen tree that can be found in Southeast Asia specifically in Indonesia. [3][4], The leaves are around 8 to 12 cm (3.1 to 4.7 in) in length, and 5 cm (2.0 in) in width. If you would like to support this site, please consider, Francisco Manuel Blanco (O.S.A. Each infloresence has multiple peduncles, each with 3 to 6 flowers, for a total of 13 to 20 per inflorescence. Around 12 fruits develop from the flowers. According to different official sources between 46 and 51 species are known to science. ), mangkono is regarded as "bakal na kahoy ng Pilipinas". The trunk is usually highly irregular with frequent branching. with help from Diamond-point saws have been used exclusively but a great volume of water is needed to counter overheating. CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list (, "Xanthostemon verdugonianus Náves ex Fern.-Vill". Mangkono (also spelled mangkuno or mancono) is also known as palo de hierro ("iron wood") in Spanish. They are bright red in color and spring from the apex of the peduncles. Comments have to be approved before they are shown here. To cut the tree, it requires at least four days using a diamond-point saws because of … Mangkono is an excellent material for the bearing or stern bushing of a steamship's propeller shaft. This one is from the northern Philippines and is supposed to grow as a shrub 2 to 3 metres tall with red flowers. The wood is very hard, very heavy, highly durable, and resistant to marine borers. Nationwide it now is considered rare and endangered according to the ASEAN Regional Centre for Biodiversity Conservation. The fruits are dehiscent and septicidal, with two or three sections that open when ripe to disperse small semicircular seeds. They have a smooth, leathery texture. It is also known as Magkuno (Magcuno) or Makano (Macano) in Surigaonon; and Magkuno or Tamaulauan in Visayan. The sapwood is usually pale reddish in color while the heartwood is deep red to brown. Useful Tropical Plants Database 2014 by [1] It is endemic to the islands of the Visayas, Palawan, and northeastern Mindanao. They are simple and are arranged alternately. [6], The tree is rare and is classified as Vulnerable by the IUCN due to overharvesting and habitat loss.[6]. "Mangkono (Xanthostemon verdugonianus Naves. Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License. Scientifically named Xanthostemon verdugonianus (Naves. The bark is slate white in color and has a peeling appearance. This genus was first described in 1857 by German–Australian botanist Ferdinand von Mueller. Xanthostemon is a genus of trees and shrubs, constituting part of the myrtle plant family Myrtaceae. We have a number of native Xanthostemons here but they're all trees and flowers yellow or greenish yellow. The database and code is licensed under a ); Flora de Filipinas, Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License. web interface by Ken Fern, Richard Morris. However most trees rarely exceed 1.6 ft (0.49 m) in diameter and 8 ft (2.4 m) in height. 2006 IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Xanthostemon verdugonianus, commonly known as mangkono or Philippine ironwood, is a species of plant in the family Myrtaceae. [3][4], Xanthostemon verdugonianus is known to be the hardest Philippine hardwood species. Ajna Fern Xanthostemon verdugonianus or commonly known as Mangkono is a tree growing up to 50 m in height and 115 cm in bole diameter. [3][4], The inflorescence are borne at the ends of branches. [2], Mangkono has a maximum recorded diameter of around 3.8 ft (1.2 m), and a maximum recorded height of 33 ft (10 m). Very difficult to work. If you have any useful information about this plant, please leave a comment. Its … Mangokono grows naturally only in the central Philippines on Surigao's Dinagat Island, Homonhon Island in Samar, Babatngon, Leyte, and in Palawan. It is valued for its extremely durable and heavy timber.

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