In this case, knowledge of the analysis of the nutritional content and digestibility of these materials, which are not yet standardised, as in the case of distillers dried grain solubles (DDGS), for example in the US, should be developed. …, The cost of a classic Thanksgiving Day dinner has gone down slightly, Chicks that received acidified water for the first 2 weeks of life had a significantly reduced load of Salmonella Heidel…. Uni Z., Ganot S. and Sklan D. (1998) Poultry Science, 77: 75-82. OECD-FAO Agricultural Outlook 2010-2019. Geyra A., Uni Z. and Sklan D. (2001) British Journal of Nutrition, 86: 56–61. As an example, Zhou et al. Revista Brasileira de Zootecnia, 39: 311-316. The United Nations (UN) estimates that there will be eight billion people on the planet by 2030, whose income will be, on average, 32 per cent higher than in 2006. Companies also adhere to Occupational Safety and Health Administration’s (OSHA) recommended guidelines that further help protect poultry workers. European Commission (2005). Food contamination by pathogens is the main concern of consumers (IFC, 2010). The utilisation of trace minerals will be determined by a better understanding of their interaction with the immune system, as well as on the quality of their sources, preventing final product contamination with residues. Kornasio et al. Jim Wyckoff's latest analysis shows the spread of H5N8 avian influenza through Europe and the political and economic implications of the US-China trade relationship. Parsons A.S., Buchanan N.P., Blemings K.P., Wilson, M.E. (2010) Proceedings, Conferência Facta de Ciência e Tecnologia Avícolas, 28: 17-34. Skinner-Noblet et al. In this sophisticated context, growth modelling and data-analysis using computer systems will allow more robust decision-making, which will be the key for the sustainability and success of the poultry industry. In the enclosed environment of the poultry shed, poultry farm workers may be exposed to high levels of airborne organic dust (poultry dust). Genetic engineering will become an important tool to improve feedstuff nutritional quality and, perhaps, bird performance. Li et al. The evolution of technology and of the knowledge on thermoregulation physiology and behaviour will reduce mistakes in poultry house design and in bird management that can cause thermal discomfort. Feed intake and broiler growth prediction models under different scenarios, such as those developed by Emmans, Fisher and Gous, will allow better definition of strategies that will favour production efficiency. Due to genetic improvement and a reduction in market age, the perinatal period of broilers corresponds to 50 per cent of their life cycle. Technical factors and the evolution of science and technology, the availability of natural resources and water (which are becoming increasingly limited), and the maintenance of trade barriers must also be considered. US President Donald J. Trump continued the time-honored White House tradition of officially pardoning the National Thanksgiving Turkey, on Tuesday, November 24. FAO (2010). (2005) Poultry Science, 84: 403-411. Partnering with the Georgia Tech Research Institute to develop an instrument to assess musculoskeletal disorder (MSD) risks in poultry tasks. While the past 25 years has seen a dramatic decrease in the numbers and rates injury and illnesses occurring in the industry, the poultry industry will continue to seek new and innovative ways to protect our workforce. (2009) Revista Brasileira de Zootecnia, 38(2):323-327. The development of information technology allows new techniques in the study of broiler thermal comfort, such as the use of real-time image analysis using video cameras, image-acquisition hardware, and image-analysing software programmes to acquire, process and evaluate information (Moura et al., 2010). This will demand investments in silos to store different batches, according to nutritional characteristics of the ingredients. This technique is already used for pigs in Europe, and prediction measures for broilers are still under study because the feathers make the true measure of meat surface area difficult (Green and Parsons, 2006). In the field of nutrition and food technology, the most significant aspects will be the use of enzymes, the evaluation of non-nutritional factors, which may maximise ingredient utilisation by the birds (feed processing and particle size), the utilisation of new synthetic amino acids on an industrial scale, the application of new feed formulation concepts to improve dietary energy utilisation, the use of nutraceuticals to modulate intestinal microbiota and the immune system as an alternative to therapeutics, and the use of special pre-starter diets. There are many serious safety and health hazards in the poultry processing industry. Hetland et al. and Teeter, R.G. Moura D.J., Bueno L.G.F., Lima K.A.O., Carvalho T.M.R. By measuring bird area and length, bird body weight and carcass yield may be determined with an accuracy similar to that of conventional tables (Penz-Jr et al., 2009). Higher emphasis will also be placed on anti-nutritional factors that change energy and nutrient availability for broilers, using particle size and diet processing to maximise nutrient supply. Bruno of Provimi America Latina in Brazil in a presentation at this year's Australian Poultry Science Symposium. However, the efficient use of these tools depends on the availability of detailed and accurate data, with a complete house inventory. In addition to growth models, simulation models could also be used to evaluate risks and to optimize financial return using data mining (correlations, classifications, associations, neural networks, and clustering) and data analysis by bioinformatics, meta-analysis, and holo-analysis techniques (Ferket, 2009). Hetland H., Svihus B. and Olaisen V. (2002) British Poultry Science, 43: 416–423. and Maia A.P.A.M. Kidd M.T. and Ng, L.E (2006). This requires the careful selection of input suppliers, with the focus on product quality rather than on price. Therefore, nutritional management during this stage, aimed at ensuring the proper supply of water and feed to the birds, will become increasing critical. Figueiredo et al. Each step of the food supply chain will be increasingly controlled, with emphasis on risk monitoring through preventive and corrective actions (analysis and monitoring critical control points). In the feed mills during the next decades, automation will increase, with lower exposure of workers to operational risks, and more emphasis will be placed on critical control points, which will be monitored just in time, and on real-time traceability. These respirable hazards are also a factor in asthma and allergic problems, (runny nose and irritated eyes) which may occur with initial exposure. To accommodate ingredient differences, the segregation concept must be implemented in feed mills. The total recordable poultry processing illness and injury rate for 2018 was 3.5 cases per 100 full-time workers (per year), down from 3.8 in 2017. Mohen S., Atakora J. and Ball R.O. Today, there is a wide range of nutraceuticals available in the market, including acidifiers, prebiotics, probiotics, essential oils, enzymes, osmoregulators, nucleotides, zinc oxide, etc. Skinner-Noblet D.O., McKinney L.J. Andree S. and Schwaegele F. (2010) Proceedings of 13th European Poultry Conference, 197.
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